The relevance of knowledge transfer is increasingly recognised both on a national and European level. Knowledge transfer has become a visible link between excellent science and industry in Europe to facilitate the efficient development and commercialisation of innovative products and services for the economic and societal benefit of Europe.
The main purpose of this report is to provide an overview of relevant metrics and performance indicators for the knowledge transfer industry on a pan-European level. The FY2015 ASTP-Proton Survey was sent out to European public research organisations (“PROs”) and to their Knowledge Transfer Offices (“KTOs”).
419 of these PROs and KTOs provided data for all or a subset of questions (the “reporting organisations”), which were analysed and reported upon in this report. The database, which is the foundation for any analysis presented, consists of direct responses to the ASTP-Proton Survey FY2015 and substantial additional national data which were kindly provided by several national organisations.
As response rates and data availability vary greatly from country to country, some of the findings in this report may not be representative for a specific region. In addition, the response rate varied significantly from subject to subject so that the analysis is based on data derived from a larger or smaller subset of the reporting organisations. Despite considerable efforts to obtain reliable data (e.g. by improving definitions and emphasizing the importance of the data for the ASTP-Proton Survey), there is still a lack of support data for normalisation (e.g. data regarding full-time equivalents (“FTEs”) and research budget from all participants). Therefore, this report provides average non-normalised results but we plan to provide such normalised data for comparison purposes in future reports. We also intend to provide time series analyses in the future that up till now could not be easily performed due to year-on-year changes to the questionnaire over the last couple of years.
The Survey Report is based on a significant and growing European sample – the largest pan-European data collection and analysis – with the goal to even further increase the reach and response rate for data collection – to become the source of choice for data on European knowledge transfer activities and output.
This report was sent out to all participating organisations and National Associations. It will be accessible to a greater public on request for other interested parties via a download link on ASTP-Proton’s webpage from January 1st, 2018. This executive summary is immediately available on the ASTP-Proton website.
The information provided in this report spans KTO specific data, invention disclosures and patenting activities, commercial agreements and spin-off creation.
The following summary of aggregate figures for different subjects will be presented and analysed in more detail in the following chapters. As not all responding organisations have entered data for each subject, the aggregate numbers shown below are based on varying numbers of respondents to the specific subject (the number (n) of respondents for each subject is indicated in brackets):
KTO and PRO metrics:
A cumulative total of 1,924 FTE working in KTOs (from 224 respondents)
€129,585,938 in aggregate KTO budget, excluding budget for IP protection (157 respondents)
€14.23 billion in aggregate research budget (140 respondents
Intellectual Property (IP) metrics:
11,301 invention disclosures (386 respondents)
2,802 new patent applications filed (228 respondents)
1,079 patents granted (123 respondents)
18,762 active patent families at the end of FY2014 (197 respondents)
Contracts and licence income metrics:
23,936 contract research agreements concluded (286 respondents)
7,968 collaboration agreements concluded (151 respondents)
80,842 consultancy agreements signed (285 respondents)
135 option agreements executed (115 respondents)
240 assignment agreements concluded (119 respondents)
18,400 licence agreements executed (290 respondents)
9,248 software licence agreements executed (277 respondents)
640 new spin-offs formed (380 respondents)
The following sections will report more in detail about the applied methodology and the results of the data analysis which hopefully will be very insightful and provide an interesting overview of the activities and results of the European knowledge transfer.